IPJ Annual Report 2005
The year 2005 was the year of Physics, the year of Albert Einstein. Many scientific events were organized to mark this occasion. We took part in many of these, delivering lectures, organizing exhibitions, showing experiments for the general public, etc. In particular:
- several lectures delivered at the 29th Mazurian Conference on Physics organized by our Institute. These concerned the history of physics as well as an attempt to look into the future. The violin concert, coupled to a talk on physics, added an extra dimension to the issue.
- The Environmental Physics laboratory of our Institute organized a countrywide experiment of air dust measurement with the participation of high school pupils, (see PDF).
The year 2005 was also a special year for our Institute: the 50th anniversary of establishing the Institute of Nuclear Research (IBJ) in Świerk, which was later transformed into several specialized institutes of nuclear science, one of which is ours. To celebrate the anniversary we organized a symposium Atomic Science in the XXI-st Century. Many other events took place during those days, including Open Days at Świerk with more than 1000 guests visiting the Institute.
Besides celebrating, we did our everyday work. Some highlights are worth mentioning.
There were 254 papers published in high ranking journals. Most of these report work done within major international collaborations. To our dismay, this is considered as a shortcoming by our funding authorities. Notwithstanding their lip service to the importance of the European dimension of scientific work, they downgrade the multi-institutional papers in their new evaluating procedure. We still hope to convince the authorities that, in the long run, this is suicidal.
Our yearly internal award in the basic research category was won by work on the first evidence for the excited hyperon Y0*(1480), (see PDF). Three distinctions were also won by: work on the role of coupling to the continuum in reactions with the "Boromean nuclei", (see PDF), on the formation of superconducting regions in layers of MgB2 obtained by implantation of magnesium ions into a boron substrate followed by intense pulsed plasma treatment (see PDF), and on the first evidence of νμ oscillation in an accelerator-based experiment, (see PDF).
In the technical category, the winning work was on large scale production of straw tube modules for the LHCb experiment at CERN, (see PDF) together with the design of basic hardware modules concerning overall control of this experiment. Another technical achievement was that the system for brachytherapy of brain tumors based on the Photon Needle X-ray generator has entered the phase of clinical testing.
Worth mentioning is also the work of our DESY team on the lepto-production in a nuclear medium, (see PDF) as well as that of our KASCADE collaboration participants on the detection and imaging of atmospheric radio flashes from cosmic ray air showers (see Nature 435 (2005) 313)
Participation in the EURATOM fusion program was continued. The International Conference Plasma 2005 was organized by our Plasma Physics Department.
Our activity in the field of general education and popularization of science has increased. As usual in such cases, we owe this to a few enthusiasts. My thanks for this go to Leszek Nowicki, Jacek Jagielski, Marek Pawłowski, Jacek Szabelski and many others as well as to our Training Department led by Professor Ludwik Dobrzyński.
There was a small but significant change in the organization of the Institute: the formation of the Information Technology Division headed by Jacek Szlachciak. This brings a degree of order and expertise into the rapidly developing field with even more rapidly growing needs, possibilities and expectations. We all wish Jacek and his colleagues every successes in carrying out their tasks.
The Reader of our Annual Reports may notice a certain novelty in this year’s issue: the expanded general part including some details about events which we judge significant. I hope the Reader will find this part as well as the whole of the Report interesting.
Professor Ziemowid Sujkowski