Technology of modifying surfaces of industrially used materials by means of continuous and pulsed energy beams has been intensely studied for more than 20 years worldwide. In some fields it is presently utilized on a broad basis in industry. A significant role among various methods is played by continuous and/or pulsed plasma beams. Some globally unique sources of intense plasma pulses are utilized in Świerk. NCBJ researchers study also application of continuous ion beams at some foreign facilities (e.g. Large Scale Facility in Forschungszentrum Rossendorf, Germany).
Nuclear physics methods help to accurately measure purity of various materials, modify properties of various substances, produce materials earlier not known. NCBJ has instrumentation necessary to perform trace analyses of impurities in surface layers of various materials (e.g. the "Lech" accelerator).